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Examinations Summer 2021


The Centre Assessed Grades (CAGs) Process

Schools across the country were asked to ensure that, unless there had been any major changes in their school this year other than the impact of Covid-19, they submitted Centre Assessed Grades (CAGs) which were broadly in line with the school’s previous results in each subject. The reason for this is that although results can vary year-on-year data shows that this is normally quite small.


At UBHS we used a range of assessment evidence, as per the national guidance, and a very rigorous, and thorough process of internal and external standardisation and moderation was undertaken. Therefore, the final overall CAG is the school’s considered assessment of the grade performed by each learner in their subjects. These grades were then submitted to the boards for further monitoring.


It is important that learners and parents are aware of this process (full details of the process can be found in our Centre Policy) when considering whether to appeal a grade. Unlike previous years the grounds of appeal are limited to one of two reasons:

  1. An administrative or procedural error by the school that has led to the school submitting the incorrect grade;
  2. An appeal to the exam board that the grade entered does not reflect the evidence base used to submit this. This appeal will require the school to share the assessment portfolio with the exam board who will consider whether, in its view, the grade reflected an appropriate exercise of academic judgement. If the exam board judges that it does not, the exam board will determine the grade that the evidence would support. The exam board will also check that the centre has followed its own processes.


An exam board will only revise a grade at appeal where the board finds the evidence on which the grade was determined cannot reasonably support that grade, rather than as a result of marginal differences of opinion.  If you request a centre review, or an awarding organisation appeal there are three possible outcomes:

  • Your original grade is lowered, so your final grade will be lower than the original grade you received.
  • Your original grade is confirmed, so there is no change to your grade.
  • Your original grade is raised, so your final grade will be higher than the original grade you received.


Once a finding has been made you cannot withdraw your request for a centre review or appeal. If your grade has been lowered you will not be able to revert back to the original grade you received on results day.


Should any learner feel they have grounds for an appeal as outlined above they will need to do the following using their school email account to ensure data security. Requests can only be submitted by the learner.


  • Send an email to with “Appeals Request Form” in the subject line.
  • An Appeals Request Form will be sent to the learner’s school email address and the form must be completed by the learner.
  • The completed form must be returned to the above email address, again using their school email account no later than 12noon on Friday 3rd September 2021. This is a strict deadline and any appeals received after this deadline will not be considered.
  • Please note that a separate appeal form will be needed for each subject.


Upon receipt of the completed Appeal Form UBHS will:


  • Check the grade released by the exam board against the grade submitted by UBHS.
  • If UBHS finds that there has been an administrative or procedural error, we will inform the exam board and the learner. We will then request that the grade be corrected in line with the administrative error.
  • If UBHS finds no evidence of an administrative error, we will inform the learner of this within 10 working days (please note school holidays/inset days do not count as working days).


Learners can withdraw their request for a centre review providing no finding has been made. If a grade is lowered learners will not be able to revert back to the original grade they received on results day.


Learners can only request a Stage 2 – Appeal to awarding organisation once a Stage 1 - Centre Review has been conducted and concluded.


  • If learners request that UBHS lodges an appeal on their behalf to the awarding body they must complete Stage 2 of the original appeal form,based on their belief that the grade awarded is not a reasonable academic judgment of the work used for the purposes of evidencing their performance.
  • As learners are aware of which evidence was used to base the grade upon, they will need to provide a reason for their grounds for appeal.
  • The completed appeal form and supporting evidence must be submitted to from the learner’s school email account no later than 12noon on Thursday 16th September 2021.
  • UBHS will then provide the exam board with the assessment portfolio to enable them to assess if the evidence supports the grade awarded.
  • The exam board will review the evidence and determine whether the appeal is upheld or rejected. If the appeal is upheld, the exam board will adjust the grade accordingly.
  • The centre will share the outcome of the awarding organisation appeal, and where appropriate the next stage of the process, with the learner once they have been notified by the exam board.
  • Exam boards have undertaken to complete an appeal within 42 calendar days of the appeal request being lodged with them.
  • Exam boards will adjust grades up or down depending on the findings of an upheld appeal. If a grade is lowered learners will not be able to revert back to the original grade they received on results day.


Further guidance on the process of appeals can be found here: How GCSEs will be awarded in summer 2021